Posts Tagged ‘5.56 NATO’

Special Price on AR-15 Build DVDs

Sunday, July 21st, 2013

Have you been thinking about building an AR-15? Do you want to know more about how your AR-15 is put together and serviced? For a limited time, the AR-MPR AR-15 build DVD is on sale for just $9.90, $4.60 off the normal price.


From the product page:

If you have been wanting to build an AR-15 rifle, this Northwest Gun Magazine Web DVD will serve as a great guide and resource for your build. This affordable web series DVD contains videos that were shot in HD with high-quality sound. Each video clip covers a specific set of assembly or planning steps, and provides you with clear step-by-step instructions. While this DVD is focused on building a precision long-range AR-15, it will serve as a great resource regardless of the type of AR-15 you are building.

10 chapters total including:

1. Planning: preparing for your build
2. Tools: AR-15 and general tools required
3. Upper Part I: ejection port cover / forward assist
4. Upper Part II: barrel / gas block / gas tube
5. Handguard Install
6. Bolt carrier group assembly/dis-assembly
7. Lower Part I: magazine catch / pivot pin
8. Lower Part II: trigger / Grip / Safety
9. Buttstock / takedown pin Install
10. Scope install

Thanks everyone for your support! Proceeds from these DVDs help to fund the work that I do here on !


How to weigh the costs and benefits of reloading your own ammunition

Wednesday, June 12th, 2013

We’ve all been there- walking past that neglected tool in the garage or exercise equipment in the den with accumulated dust so thick you could write your name in it. Then, you think back to the weeks that you agonized over which make/model to go with, and the rush of excitement when the delivery truck dropped off the equipment. Then, after using it once or twice, it sits neglected and collecting dust. Now, you’re deciding whether you want to order a bunch of reloading gear and get a home degree in ballistics so that you can join the ranks of ammunition reloaders. Thinking back to that dusty treadmill in your den, you may have second thoughts.

So let’s take a look at the reasons why you should or should not reload your own ammunition- then, you can move on to agonizing over which gear to go with.


Reasons to reload

So why reload? There can be a lot of different reasons to reload, but here we’ll focus on four reasons to ponder.

Reason 1: Saving money and shooting more

The first reason we’ll discuss for reloading is the reason that got me thinking about reloading in the first place- saving money on ammunition and feeling good about shooting frequently. A good portion of the cost of ammunition is the brass casings that are used to hold all of the components together- so why throw it away? So how much money can you save by reloading? In some cases it depends on the caliber or ammunition spec you’re shooting, and in other cases it depends on the kind of deals you get on factory ammunition. Another factor that can change the savings associated with reloading are the costs associated with the components used to reload ammunition- primarily the primers, powder, and bullets used when reloading. My first press was purchased to reload 44 Magnum ammunition. This is a great caliber to reload, because 44 magnum ammunition is very expensive, and revolver brass is easy to collect- you just dump it out of the cylinder into a nice pile.

So let’s take a quick look at a “factory versus reloads” cost comparison for 44 Magnum based on reloading component street prices. First, consider a box of Magtech Sport Ammunition with 240 grain JSP bullets is running about ~$40 if you can find it in stock. Second let’s consider what it would cost if you were to reload equivalent ammunition with the following components:

Component Cost, reloading 44 Magnum

  • Brass $0.00 (re-use)
  • Primers (per 1000) $25.00
  • Powder (per pound) $20.00
  • Bullets (per 1000) $175.00

If we do a little math, and assume a powder charge of 20.0 grains (where one pound = 7000 grains), we arrive at a total of $12.86 per box of 50 for our own reloaded ammunition. Now, this analysis does not factor in the cost of your equipment, and other costs related to reloading (such as case cleaning media) but it does give you an idea of how much you can save by reloading your own ammunition.

Savings per box (44 magnum reloads) = $40.00 – $12.86 = $27.14

Reloaded 44 Magnum Ammunition - savings and satisfaction

Reloaded 44 Magnum Ammunition – savings and satisfaction

Here reloads cost only 32% of what factory ammunition would cost! In some cases it does not save you much money to reload ammunition. If you take the example of 9mm Luger ammunition, if you are comparing your own reloads to Winchester “White Box” factory ammunition, you may be closer to a wash on your costs if you are shooting plain FMJ (shortages and near-term price hikes aside). If you’re reloading JHP ammunition, the equation will look different, and you’d likely save money by reloading. There can be even more extreme cases of savings due to reloading, such as if you were to cast bullets (usually the most significant cost for reloading is bullets) and load your own 500 S&W magnum ammunition. In that case, you’d save even more compared to factory ammunition where a box of 50 could run $50.00 or more. That could transform your expensive bear repellant from a novelty into a frequent range companion- especially since you will be able to load cartridges to the power level that you can shoot comfortably.

Reason 2: Increasing accuracy and optimizing/customizing loads

There are two factors that are most instrumental in attaining accuracy when loading ammunition:

  1. Tailoring component selection and dimensions to the firearm
  2. Minimizing variation between cartridges

It’s hard to explain, but each firearm (each individual firearm, not just each make/model) tends to have an inherent preference for specific components. Bullets vary by profile, construction (jacketed versus hard-cast, etc) weight, and hardness to name a few. These factors can make a big difference for accuracy. Primers ignite in a particular way, some burning hotter, some burning cooler, some burning longer, some burning more quickly. Primers need to be matched to both the bullet and the powder being used. Even when matched to the components being used, firearms can show a preference for one brand/type of primer over another. Accuracy variation due to primer selection is more evident in rifles than in handguns, but it is a factor in both applications.

Various pistol bullet types that you can choose from when reloading

So why are we discussing all of these factors for accuracy here? It’s because reloading gives you the opportunity to select the components that work with your gun, and fine tune your loads for maximum accuracy. Once you’ve figured out what works for your gun and particular application, you need consistency from one cartridge to the next in order to maintain optimal accuracy. By paying careful attention to your reloading setup and using care when operating your equipment, you can attain better consistency than machinery used in factories to mass produce ammunition. By minimizing variations in bullet seating depth, charge weight, and other factors, you’ll experience less variation in point of impact which translates to better accuracy. This does assume that point of aim does not change from one shot to the next, so as the shooter, you have to do your part as well! By working up your own optimal load recipe and loading your ammunition with precision, you’ll naturally have more “pride of ownership” and satisfaction at the range when you seem improved and consistent groups.

Reason 3: For the fun of it

Is reloading fun? Well, that depends on your personality, how much time you have, how much space you have, and other factors as well. Reloading is about learning and improving. Reloading will challenge you to learn about how your firearm is put together, how it works, and what it needs in terms of ammunition. By studying your weapon and by experimenting, you’ll learn how to assemble optimized ammunition. While you can learn to reload ammunition in a short period of time, you can spend a lifetime learning about this craft continually learning new tricks, methods, and skills. If you are inspired by this quest for knowledge then you are likely to enjoy reloading. If you have a clean workspace and are willing to take your time, you will be much more likely to enjoy the process of reloading. Putting together ledger books and taking detailed notes will make your activities more fruitful over the years as you will have references to look back on and compare to. This information is invaluable not only for your own future reference, but also to share with others. This level of detail and discipline will make your reloading more of an experience of craftsmanship, and help to minimize frustration and dissatisfaction.

Keeping accurate records of your reloads is a part of the satisfaction of attention to detail

Keeping accurate records of your reloads is a part of the satisfaction of reloading

In order to convey what the reloading experience is about, I like to articulate what it was like to shoot my first box of reloaded 44 magnum ammunition. The first shot was a complete thrill! At first, you may not know what to expect, but as you drive home from the range after that first shooting session with your own ammunition, you’ll experience a unique satisfaction. This is true (to a lesser extent) each time you try out a new caliber, powder, bullet, or firearm you’ve loaded for. It is truly a lifetime journey.

Reason 4: So that you can shoot – period

We are all familiar with ammunition shortages and hoarding/price gouging that are a result of the current unstable political climate. If you are one of the fortunate individuals that stocked up on reloading supplies and gear before the “craziness”, then you now have the luxury of shooting when you want to and what you want to. Unfortunately, if you didn’t get stocked up prior to last fall/winter, you’ll have trouble finding reloading equipment and consumables. My only advice here is to get creative (friends, local shops, craigslist) and to be patient. It’s just a matter of time before presses, dies, powder, primers, and projectiles are more readily available again.

Deciding whether to take the plunge

We’ve covered a few (but not all) of the reasons to help you decide whether reloading is for you. Let’s summarize here by walking through some criteria to think about. Hopefully this will shed more light on whether or not you should “take the plunge”.

Mechanical aptitude
If you are the type that enjoys working on your own car, you’re likely to enjoy the process of reloading. In addition to just setting up and operating your reloading press, you will need to troubleshoot your equipment and repair it from time to time. If you have mechanical interest and ability, you’ll enjoy rising to the challenge.

Attention to detail
If you have a bit of OCD and like to organize your nuts and bolts, you’ll also enjoy picking up brass, labeling your ammo boxes, and getting your reloading bench setup. Since reloading can be dangerous (you are playing with explosives after all) this attention to detail is very important.

If you take up reloading as a hobby, there will be times that your patience will be put to the test. From time to time rounds won’t chamber, a rifle won’t group, and who knows what else. If you have enough patience, you will work through the issues. If you are not a patient person, you may end up with a reloading press in the trash can.

Everything seems to require time, but there’s only so much to go around. We’ve all known someone without the time to use the toys they own, and if you don’t have time to shoot, you’ll need to ask yourself if you’ll have the time to reload as well. Reloading does take time, but like anything else, there’s always tomorrow.

Hopefully you now have a better idea about reloading as a hobby or necessity. Have thoughts to share? Please leave a comment!


Free Rifle Cartridge Guides

Saturday, May 11th, 2013

One of the first things you need to do when reloading your own ammo is to study up on the cartridge you’re loading for. A reloading manual is a great resource for this kind of information, but many times you need *more* data and information. Well, if you’re reloading for rifle, there’s some great free cartridge guides over on

Here are some of the cartridges covered:


For more information see

Happy loading!

QuickTip: Fast shellplate changes on the RCBS Pro-2000

Wednesday, February 6th, 2013

If you reload for multiple cartridges, chances are you’ll be removing and replacing shellplates quite often. I’ve discovered a fast way to perform shellplate changeovers on the RCBS Pro-2000 and wanted to share with you a QuickTip that will help you speed up shellplate changes.

This tip is a simple one- in order to speed up the bolt removal/replacement process, use a 3/8″ drive socket adapter and a 3/8″ drive 8mm allen key. You just crack the torque on the bolt with the factory-supplied 8mm allen key, then use this 3/8″ drive tool combination as a “handwheel” to quickly spin the bolt on and off.

Improvised shellplate bolt removal tool - Image Copyright 2013 Ultimate Reloader

Improvised shellplate bolt removal tool – Image Copyright 2013 Ultimate Reloader

And here’s a video showing the improvised tool in action: (click on gear to change to HD playback)

I don’t show the entire shellplate process in the video, but it’s easy- after getting the center bolt out, you loosen the ejection wire set screw, lift off the ejection wire, and then lift off the shellplate. Installation is reverse of removal.

Oh, and what do you all think of the new Ultimate Reloader theme music and into/outtro? :)



Resources: Fundamentals for Super-Accurate Rifle Reloads

Thursday, January 31st, 2013
Measuring and adjusting bullet runout with .223 / 5.56 ammunition - Image copyright 2013 Ultimate Reloader

Measuring and adjusting bullet runout with .223 / 5.56 ammunition – Image copyright 2013 Ultimate Reloader

Recently I blogged about reloading accurate rifle ammunition:
5 Tips for Reloading Accurate Rifle Ammunition

In this blog post I outlined some primary considerations and processes:

  1. Start with proven loads and load data
  2. Fire form your brass
  3. Optimize bullet seating depth
  4. Optimize bullet concentricity
  5. Experiment

I wanted to expand on some of these points by providing additional resources for any of you who want to take a deeper look at these concepts.

Load Data

There’s a ton of great load data available online these days, and here are a few of my favorite online sources:

Optimizing Seating Depth

This should be a mandatory step for anyone reloading rifle ammunition for accuracy. Here are a couple of posts I put together on the subject:

…and if you want to jump straight to the videos: (click on the gear and change to HD if you want high quality :) )

Optimize Bullet Concentricity

Likewise, bullet concentricity is critical for accurate rifle ammunition! Here’s some posts that show how to minimize bullet runout:


There you go! Hope these resources prove helpful. Have additional resources to share? Please leave a comment. It’s time to build some tack-driving rifle ammunition (will also need to go to the range)!